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National Diet Library ... Native American Church
National Diet Library
the national library of Japan, formed at Tokyo in 1948 and combining the libraries of the upper and lower houses ...
National Education Association
American voluntary association of teachers, administrators, and other educators associated with elementary and secondary schools and colleges and universities. It ...
National Endowment for the Arts
an independent agency of the U.S. government that supports the creation, dissemination, and performance of the arts. It was created ...
National Endowment for the Humanities
an independent agency of the U.S. government that supports research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities. It was ...
National Film Board of Canada
Canadian department of film production. It was established in 1939 and directed by John Grierson (1898-1972), who developed the studio ...
National Football League
major U.S. professional gridiron football organization, founded in 1920 in Canton, Ohio, as the American Professional Football Association. Its first ...
national forest
in the United States, any of numerous forest areas set aside under federal supervision for the purposes of conserving water, ...
National Front
right-wing French political party founded in 1972 by Francois Duprat and Francois Brigneau but most commonly associated with Jean-Marie Le ...
National Gallery
German art museum in Berlin that was founded in 1861 and opened to the public in 1876. The National Gallery ...
National Gallery
art museum in London that houses Great Britain's national collection of European paintings. It is located on the north side ...
National Gallery
in Oslo, Norwegian national art museum, built in 1836 and enlarged in 1903-07, devoted primarily to Norwegian paintings and sculpture ...
National Gallery of Art
American museum of art, part of the federally operated Smithsonian Institution system, located at the east end of the Mall, ...
National Gallery of Canada
national art museum founded in Ottawa in 1880. Its holdings include extensive collections of Canadian art as well as important ...
National Gallery of Modern Art
in Rome, important collection devoted to Italian artists and forming a full survey of 19th- and 20th-century Italian art. The ...
National Gallery of Victoria
major Australian art museum, located in Melbourne, Victoria, with collections ranging over European, Asian, and Australian art of all periods. ...
National Geographic Magazine
monthly magazine of geography, archaeology, anthropology, and exploration, providing the armchair traveler with literate and accurate accounts and unsurpassed photographs ...
National Geographic Society
American scientific society founded (1888) in Washington, D.C., by a small group of eminent explorers and scientists "for the increase ...
National Guard, U.S.
reserve group organized by the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force. Every state and territory of the United States has ...
National Health Service
in Great Britain, a comprehensive public-health service under government administration, established by the National Health Service Act of 1946 and ...
National Hispanic Heritage Month
month (September 15-October 15) in which the people of the United States honour the achievements of Hispanics. The celebration was ...
National Hockey League
organization of professional ice hockey teams in North America, formed in 1917 by five Canadian teams, to which the first ...
National Ignition Facility
laser-based fusion research device, located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, Calif., U.S. A major goal for the device ...
national income accounting
a set of principles and methods used to measure the income and production of a country. There are basically two ...
National Institute of Standards and Technology
agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce responsible for the standardization of weights and measures, timekeeping, and navigation. Established by ...
National Institutes of Health
agency of the United States government that conducts and supports biomedical research into the causes, cure, and prevention of disease. ...
National Intergroup, Inc.
American holding company established in 1983 to facilitate the diversification of National Steel Corporation. Formerly headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pa., NII ...
National Invitation Tournament
collegiate basketball competition initiated in the United States in 1938 by New York City basketball writers and held annually since ...
National Labor Relations Board
independent federal agency created by the U.S. Congress in 1935 to administer the National Labor Relations Act (also called the ...
National Labor Union
in U.S. history, a political-action movement that from 1866 to 1873 sought to improve working conditions through legislative reform rather ...
National League
oldest existing major-league professional baseball organization in the United States. The league began play in 1876 as the National League ...
National Liberal Party
political party that was active first in Prussia and the North German Confederation from 1867, then in Germany in 1871-1918. ...
National Liberation Front
title used by nationalist, usually socialist, movements in various countries since World War II. In Greece, the National Liberation Front-National ...
National Liberation Front
the only constitutionally legal party in Algeria from 1962 to 1989. The party was a continuation of the revolutionary body ...
National Liberation Front
Vietnamese political organization formed on Dec. 20, 1960, to effect the overthrow of the South Vietnamese government and the reunification ...
National Maritime Museum
national museum concerned with the maritime history of Great Britain. It is situated near the River Thames in Greenwich Park, ...
national monument
in the United States, any of numerous areas reserved by act of Congress or presidential proclamation for the protection of ...
National Museum
museum in Lima, Peru, containing artifacts that offer an overview of pre-Hispanic human history in Peru. It constitutes an archaeological ...
National Museum of African Art
American museum of African art, part of the Smithsonian Institution, located on the Mall in Washington, D.C.
National Museum of Anthropology
in Mexico City, world-famous repository of some 600,000 art and other objects relating to Mexico. Many anthropological, ethnological, and archaeological ...
National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology, and History of Peru, The
museum in Lima, Peru, noted for its historical artifacts that showcase Peru's cultural history.
National Museum of China
museum in Beijing, located on the east side of Tiananmen Square. The museum was created in 2003 by the merger ...
National Museum of Fine Arts
national art collection, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, inherited from the Imperial Academy, later the Imperial Museum of Fine Arts. ...
National Museum of History
in Mexico City, an offshoot of the National Museum of Anthropology (founded 1825). In 1940 the National Historical Museum became ...
National Museum of India
in New Delhi, museum devoted to Indian art history and iconography as well as to Buddhist studies. The museum was ...
National Museum of Iraq
museum of antiquities located in Baghdad, Iraq, featuring Iraqi art and artifacts dating from the Stone Age civilization of the ...
National Museum of Modern Art
museum in Tokyo devoted to important Japanese works of art of the 20th century. The collection covers works of past ...
National Museum of Natural History
American museum of natural history, part of the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
National Museum of New Zealand
in Wellington, general museum of science and the natural history of New Zealand. A Maori section contains artifacts and carvings. ...
National Museum of the American Indian
Smithsonian Institution museum established by an act of Congress in 1989, with branches in New York City; Suitland, Maryland; and ...
National Museum of Western Art
Japanese national collection of European art, located in Ueno Park, Tokyo. The museum building, designed by Le Corbusier, was opened ...
National Museums of Berlin
a network of state-run museums in Berlin, Ger., each specializing in a separate subject.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
U.S. governmental agency established in 1970 within the Department of Commerce to study Earth's oceans, atmosphere, and coastal areas insofar ...
National Organization for Women
American activist organization (founded 1966) that promotes equal rights for women.
National Palace Museum
major art museum of China, at Taipei, that preserves many of the art holdings of the Chinese imperial collection. The ...
national park
an area set aside by a national government for the preservation of the natural environment. A national park may be ...
National Party
South African political party, founded in 1914, which ruled the country from 1948 to 1994. Its following included most of ...
National Portrait Gallery
museum in London that houses the national collection of portraits of British men and women. It is located adjacent to ...
National Portrait Gallery
American gallery dedicated to portraiture of Americans. It is part of the Smithsonian Institution, located in Washington, D.C.
National Postal Museum
philatelic museum and research centre in the City of London. It is located in a section of London's General Post ...
National Primitive Baptist Convention, Inc.
association of independent black Baptist churches in the United States that were joined in a national convention in 1907. The ...
National Public Radio
the public radio network of the United States. Based in Washington, D.C., NPR offers a broad range of high-quality news ...
National Radio Astronomy Observatory
the national radio observatory of the United States. It is funded by the National Science Foundation and is managed by ...
National Recovery Administration
U.S. government agency established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to stimulate business recovery through fair-practice codes during the Great Depression. ...
National Republican Party
U.S. political party formed after what had been the Republican (or Jeffersonian Republican) party split in 1825. The Jeffersonian Republicans ...
National Review
biweekly magazine of news and opinion published in New York City, and the leading conservative journal in the United States. ...
National Rifle Association of America
governing organization for the sport of shooting with rifles and pistols, formed in the United States in 1871. By the ...
National Roman Museum
in Rome, one of the world's greatest museums of ancient Greco-Roman art, founded in 1889 and housed in a monastery ...
National School of Drama
educational institution in New Delhi founded in 1959 for the study of theatre and providing training in acting, stagecraft, and ...
National Science Foundation
an independent agency of the U.S. government that supports basic research and education in a wide range of sciences and ...
National Science Museum
museum in Tokyo, founded in 1872, concerned with the history of the physical sciences, natural history, and technology. The collections ...
national seashore
in the United States, any of a number of coastal areas reserved by the federal government for recreational use by ...
National Security Agency
U.S. intelligence agency within the Department of Defense that is responsible for cryptographic and communications intelligence and security. The NSA ...
National Security Council
U.S. agency within the Executive Office of the President, established by the National Security Act in 1947 to advise the ...
National Socialism
totalitarian movement led by Adolf Hitler as head of the Nazi Party in Germany. In its intense nationalism, mass appeal, ...
National Spelling Bee
spelling bee held annually in the Washington, D.C., area that serves as the culmination of a series of local and ...
National Steel Corporation
U.S. iron- and steel-making company that in 1983 became a subsidiary of National Intergroup, Inc. (q.v.).
National Symphony Orchestra
American symphony orchestra based in Washington, D.C. It was founded in 1931 by Hans Kindler, who served as its first ...
National Trust
British organization founded in 1895 and incorporated by the National Trust Act (1907) for the purpose of promoting the preservation ...
National University of Ireland
state-supported institution in Dublin, composed of three constituent and five recognized colleges, established in 1908 to foster Irish culture and ...
National Urban League
American service agency founded for the purpose of eliminating racial segregation and discrimination and helping African Americans and other minorities ...
National Weather Service
official weather bureau of the United States, founded on February 9, 1870, and charged with providing weather, hydrologic, and climate ...
National Westminster Bank
former British bank holding company with branches and subbranches in the United Kingdom and operations across the world. It was ...
National Woman Suffrage Association
American organization, founded in 1869 and based in New York City, that was created by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth ...
National Woman's Party
American political party that in the early part of the 20th century employed militant methods to fight for an Equal ...
National Women's Hall of Fame
not-for-profit educational institution founded in 1969 to honour the accomplishments of outstanding American women. The Hall of Fame is located ...
National Women's History Month
honorary observance of the month of March, as designated in 1987 by the U.S. Congress, in recognition of women's many ...
National Women's History Project
not-for-profit American organization founded in 1980 to "promote multicultural women's history awareness."
National Women's Political Caucus
nonpartisan American political organization formed in 1971 to identify, recruit, train, endorse, and support women seeking public office. The organization ...
National World War II Memorial
monument in Washington, D.C., dedicated both to the Americans who served in World War II in the armed services-including the ...
National Zoological Gardens of South Africa
zoo near Pretoria, S.Af., that is noted for its wildlife conservation programs. It was opened in 1899 by the State ...
National Zoological Park
zoo in Washington, D.C., that was established under the Smithsonian Institution by acts of the U.S. Congress in 1889 and ...
nationalism
ideology based on the premise that the individual's loyalty and devotion to the nation-state surpass other individual or group interests.
Nationalist Party
political party that governed all or part of mainland China from 1928 to 1949 and subsequently ruled Taiwan under Chiang ...
nationality
in law, membership in a nation or sovereign state. It is to be distinguished from citizenship (q.v.), a somewhat narrower ...
nationalization
alteration or assumption of control or ownership of private property by the state. It is historically a more recent development ...
Nationals, the
Australian political party that for most of its history has held office as a result of its customary alliance with ...
Nations, League of
an organization for international cooperation established at the initiative of the victorious Allied Powers at the end of World War ...
Native American
member of any of the aboriginal peoples of the Western Hemisphere, although the term often connotes only those groups whose ...
Native American art
the visual art of the aboriginal inhabitants of the Americas, often called American Indians. For a further discussion of the ...
Native American arts
arts of the aboriginal inhabitants of the Americas. Native American arts are treated in a number of articles. See Native ...
Native American Church
most widespread indigenous religious movement among North American Indians and one of the most influential forms of Pan-Indianism. The term ...

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